Tuberculin Allergy

Tuberculin allergy (allergy to a tuberculin or Mantoux test allergy, BCG) is a organism hyper sensibility to tuberculosis micro bacteria, and also to products of their vital activity. Tuberculin allergy is rather unusual phenomena.

R. Koch, who vaccinated children with tuberculin vaccine, was the first to start the discussion about a tuberculin allergy. It is possible to diagnose a similar type of allergy just within the first hours after applying the injection. On a place of injection reddening appears, the itch and a burning sensation are possible.

 After some time other symptoms of allergy (temperature raise, nausea, etc.) also can be added to already specified. Strong allergic reaction develops within 24 hours, and it reaches peak in 48-72 hours.

Three types 0f Reaction to tuberculin can be distinguished: local (strikes a place of injection), focal (strikes additionally lymph flows and lymph nodes) and general (strikes the organism in general).

Local reaction to tuberculin, as a rule, is an evidence of allergy. However, even in this case, phthisiatrician advisory is recommended. Only having passed X-ray inspection and leukocytic tests, it will be possible to say with confidence about the availability of allergy and absence of tuberculosis. In this case the doctor will prescribe to you the general antiallergenic therapy including taking antihistamine drugs.

In case tuberculosis detection or assumption of it, the treatment of the patient is carried out according to the appropriate program at hospital conditions.