Skin Allergy

Сlinical presentations of allergic reactions are frequent and various. Allergy is presented in form of strong itch, blisters and edemas. The most widespread diseases are: urticaria, eczema, atopic dermatitis, a Quincke’s edema. It is necessary to distinguish an allergy from dermal diseases.

Allergen can get from environment to a human body directly on skin, with food or during breath. During bathing in cold water cold urticarial sometimes happens. Sunshine provokes a photodermatitis for sensitive people.

Urticaria is the most frequent dermal clinical presentations allergic reactions. It arises at action of cold or sunshine, the use of some products (a smoked product, eggs, seafood), the effect of drugs, pollen of the blossoming plants. The reason of chronic infection is in endocrine disorders and in gastrointestinal tract. There are pruritic blisters similar to burn on skin At an acute urticaria they appear immediately after allergen influence, there are plentiful rashes with a strong itch, in 2-3 hours they disappear. Sometimes temperature increases, there is an abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. Symptoms proceed some days. At regular rashes within more than 3 months an urticaria is called chronic.

Dryness and ecdysis on child skin says is an evidence of an atopic dermatitis. The disease can pass into a respiratory allergy, bronchial asthma.

Quincke’s edema, or a huge urticaria is a skin and mucosa edema.

Lips, eyelids, cheeks, larynx, genitals are affected. The edema is followed by an itch, burning, pain. The Quincke’s edema in larynx is most dangerous, dyspnea arises demanding emergency aid.

Protein Allergy

At food allergy the most part of reactions is connected with sensitivity of human organism to protein molecules. In general, classical allergy is a reaction of immune system to penetration of a foreign protein into human organism.

Clinical symptoms of allergy to protein are typical. The disease starts with dermal symptoms. Patient complains of itch, eruption, edema, local or general reddening of integuments. Children in clinic of an allergic dermatitis have dryness and shelling of skin, gneiss, an intertrigo at natural folds.

Mucosa are also affected at atopic dermatitis. There is an allergic rhinitis, in most serious cases the asthmatic component is available. When involving a mucosa of eyelids and conjunctivas there is a lacrimation, reddening of scleras, feeling of itch and smarting in eyes.

Protein allergy is usually followed by enterocolitis as allergen gets to a human body through a digestive tube more often. There are flatulence, diarrhea, nausea and bad appetite. Also the painful symptom is frequent.

Treatment of protein allergy should eliminate  food  which compromised itself . It can be milk and dairy products, fish and seafood, such as shrimps, oysters, crab meat (allergy to them is characteristic for adults, doesn’t disappear at culinary processing of food). Very Often is the allergy to egg protein which continuously remains not changed in intestine. Allergenic are peanut, filbert, walnut, almonds; the allergy to them develops at any age and remains for life.

After use of dangerous products reception of an enterosorbent is recommended (Enterosgel). It brings allergen out of an intestine. Symptomatically antihistamine preparations are applied.

Three Degrees Of Allergy

Depending on the intensity of development of gravity flow, the amount of associated symptoms and complications are three severity of allergic reactions.
1 degree – light – localized. At this severity unpleasant symptoms are observed only in allergen exposure (as a bee sting – the bite, when exposed to household chemicals – in action). In the case of small severity of the allergic reaction in the patient may experience itchy skin, hives, fever up to 38 degrees, chills. Can also be observed tearing and difficulty in nasal breathing (swelling of the lining of the nose). In this case, possible to treat the injury site of allergen exposure and anti gel or cream relieves itching (e.g., fenistil-gel), and to give the patient a tablet fast antihistamine (e.g., Suprastinum). The intensity of an allergic reaction may increase for several hours.

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Allergy Symptoms

Allergy as a disease, in our time, especially during the summer period, the period of flowering, has become one of the most common diseases. She touched not only adults, but children are not spared and. In order to effectively combat the disease must be aware of the symptoms, which should certainly draw your attention. Allergy symptoms are very diverse. It depends on various factors: from the heredity and ending with the individual susceptibility of the organism. Consider some of the possible manifestations of allergy.

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Allergy Prevention

The best way to prevent allergies – avoid any contact with the allergen. However, this is possible only in case of an allergic tendency awareness of your body. In other cases, help is only general preventive measures. These we now consider.
1 Keep clean your home. Be washed regularly. It is advisable to do it more than once a week, especially during the summer. Regularly wash curtains, soft toys, knock out as much as possible and wash carpets.
Perform disinfection and cleaning the bathroom and toilet in special rubber gloves, and a separate, suitable clothing. Try cleaning with household chemicals in special medical masks.

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Causes Of Allergy

Allergy is a disease of the century, without any exaggeration. More than 85% of the world population at various ages suffer from this disease. The causes of allergies – not fully studied medicine question. They are so varied that sometimes the diagnosis of this disease is very difficult to determine exactly how they arise. Consider the most common causes of allergies.
1 Keeping unhealthy lifestyles. This reason is the most global and, in fact, applies to all allergies to one degree or another. Not legible food, eating a lot of “bad” foods, alcohol, work in hazardous chemical production, self – all this weakens the protective function of our immune system and is the starting point for the development of allergic reactions.

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Emergency Care In Allergy

The first thing you mustkeep in mind during emergency assistance patient with a severe allergic reaction – that if you tighten the provision of assistance in this very matter of minutes allergies can “gain traction” and supplemented with various complications.
So, step 1: If the allergen that caused the reaction is known, avoid contact of the patient with him. If it is not known allergen, having taken the surrounding area of ​​your critical eye, set that could serve as a pathogen (eg, flowering of any plant or children from dying fire), and limit the patient from any contact with him.

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Allergy Treatment

Allergy treatment always begins with the elimination of allergen exposure on humans. To do this, as you know, need to know the cause of allergies and allergen povlёkshy for a similar reaction. Elimination of the allergen is curative and preventive measure.
In virtually all cases, the patient is assigned to allergy medication. Said aim is then to remove the manifestations of allergic reaction of the body (symptoms), as well as the reaction itself, to avoid possible complications.
The following drugs used in the treatment:

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Allergy Diagnostics

You should immediately consult a doctor allergist to confirm or refute their own specific diagnosis when see first symptoms of allergies. Before you visit the doctor, prepare yourself mentally formulating exactly what symptoms made ​​you think about allergies.
In addition to the interview and examination, the doctor will almost certainly prompt you to undergo a series of laboratory tests to diagnose disease more narrow.
Among allergists appointed the following analyzes.

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Determination Of Allergy

Very often allergy occurs when the immune system reacts adversely to a foreign substance, which often of all is vegetable or animal origin.
It is known that the immune system produces substances which are known as antibodies. During normal operation, these antibodies can protect the body from infections and viruses that cause disease. When a person has an allergy occurs the immune system produces antibodies that define a particular allergen as something harmful, although this is not true. When a person is in contact with the allergen, the reaction of the immune system can irritate the skin, digestive system, mucous membranes or respiratory tract. Continue reading