The first thing you mustkeep in mind during emergency assistance patient with a severe allergic reaction – that if you tighten the provision of assistance in this very matter of minutes allergies can “gain traction” and supplemented with various complications.
So, step 1: If the allergen that caused the reaction is known, avoid contact of the patient with him. If it is not known allergen, having taken the surrounding area of your critical eye, set that could serve as a pathogen (eg, flowering of any plant or children from dying fire), and limit the patient from any contact with him.
Step 2: To improve the hemodynamics of the patient should be placed in a horizontal position, perhaps with a lower level of the head relative to the rest of the body. This will contribute to a better influx of venous blood to the heart.
Step 3: To avoid suffocation from the spontaneous discharge of vomit the patient’s head lay on his side, while fixing his tongue, so it does not sink. If this cold time of year, trying to warm the patient, and sometimes even his put heaters. Should be provided with a constant flow of fresh air. Better, of course, if you have to give the mask moistened with oxygen.
If an allergic reaction just occurred as a result of admission to the food of a particular product, vomiting, the patient must call the force. Allowed in this case, the use of sorbents.
Step 4: Give the patient an antihistamine. Which depends on the situation in which you are located. In other words, one antihistamine that will be on hand.
Step 5: Call a doctor or if you can not call to transport the patient to the nearest emergency room.