Allergy treatment always begins with the elimination of allergen exposure on humans. To do this, as you know, need to know the cause of allergies and allergen povlёkshy for a similar reaction. Elimination of the allergen is curative and preventive measure.
In virtually all cases, the patient is assigned to allergy medication. Said aim is then to remove the manifestations of allergic reaction of the body (symptoms), as well as the reaction itself, to avoid possible complications.
The following drugs used in the treatment:
1 Antihistamines. During the reaction, the immune system of the body to an allergen, a substance produced by a histamine. That’s it and that causes most of the symptoms of allergies. Antihistamines significantly reduce the amount of histamine in the body or completely block its further isolation. Unfortunately, this category of drugs can cause side effects such as nausea, vomiting, nervousness, problems with urination. Therefore, before taking medications, consult your doctor.
By the mentioned drugs include loratadine, Tavegilum, Suprastin, Zyrtec and some others.
2 Decongestants . These drugs are focal and fight only with nasal congestion. These agents are used in the form of drops or spray. These include oxymetazoline, xylometazoline, and others. They also cause side effects such as dry mouth, headache, malaise. Have age restrictions.
3 Leukotriene inhibitors. Chemicals that fight bronchospasm blocking reactions caused by leukotrienes. For example, Singulair.
4 Steroid sprays. Hormonal drugs that eliminate nasal congestion, reducing inflammation. This Nasonex, Bekonas, Nazarel and others. Side effects have not.
For other manifestations of the disease (rash, upset stomach) treatment is selected physician depending on the specific symptom.