Allergy At Helminthosis

Helminthes (worms) having just microscopic sizes are able to suppress perfectly immune system of the person. As well as viruses which hide in the owner’s cells, these rather large multicellular organisms avoid the specific response; antibodies against them are not generated. But substances discharged by worms are often allergens; the condition of immune system characteristic for allergic reactions, also develops, the maintenance of eosinophilia granulocytes in blood increases.

In many cases when it is obvious that the person has allergy and physicians can’t ascertain its exact cause infection by helminthes should be suspected. As to the children suffering from an atopic dermatitis worms are revealed in 69% of cases. It is characteristic also for lesion by roundworms (threadworms, ascarids), and in presence of other types.

Helminthosis promotes immune-pathological and inflammatory changes of skin, support chronic processes. Atopic dermatitis, an nettle rush, psoriasis have wavy proceeding.

Reaction of blood cells is caused by worms and their eggs. At early stages of infection the anaphylactic type of reaction is formed – histamine is generated. It causes reduction of unstriated muscles of bronchi, stomach and intestine, rising of permeability of capillaries, allocation mucous a nose amplifies, the nervous terminations are irritated; there is an itch. Then organism sensitizes by waste products of helminthosis. Antihistamines are applied for helminthosis treatment.

Allergy To Dental Products

The orthodontia makes great success. Many people wear dentures. Plastic and metal products can cause a mechanical irritation, toxic and allergic reactions.

For people with problems in oral cavity the probability of allergic reactions is higher. Many processes can strengthen dissolution and oxidation of dental products. An important factor is electrochemical reactions when in the mouth at the same time there are various metals forming a galvanic cell (like battery). It is necessary to choose materials neutral electrochemically to each other.

Dentures have to adjoin tightly to gingivae. Rubbing of gingivae enlarges probability of penetration allergens in blood both from dentures and food components.

In metal prostheses many metals are used. Nickel, corrosive under the influence of saliva can cause allergic reactions. If the patient had dermatitis from wearing of watch or jewelry use of nickel is contra-indicated.

Chrome, manganese, cobalt are also dangerous. The allergy can develop when using metals of platinum group, for example, palladium. Silver on the contrary, decreases inflammatory reactions and is recommended to use.

Acrylic plastic is capable to cause toxic and allergic stomatitis. Residual monomer which is contained in plastic in quantity of 0.2% is considered the main allergen. If the regimen of production is broken it can amount to 8%.

Also the allergy can be caused by coloring agents applied in esthetic dentistry. Ceramics does not cause allergic reactions.

Allergy To Vaccinations

Vaccination of children and adults is a frequent cause of development of allergic reactions. The main components of vaccine, microorganisms or proteins secreted from them usually don’t cause an allergy. It arises because of the collateral substances containing in vaccines.

Inoculations against epidemic parotiditis (mumds), measles and rubella are dangerous by development of allergy if the child has a medicinal allergy to antibiotics which are the components of these vaccines.

Many vaccines contain egg protein as viruses were grown up on embryos of chicken. Flu, measles, parotiditis, yellow fever vaccines refer to them.

Hepatitis B vaccine is an allergen for hyper sensitive to baking yeast the people.

Before carrying out inoculations it is important to find out, whether the child had allergic reactions at contact to potentially dangerous substances or their acceptance in nutrition. If there is an allergy to chicken protein, it develops always, irrespective of a way of penetration to organism, whether it is eating of hard-boiled egg white, drinking it crude, or injection of its components under a skin with a vaccine. An intravenous way is the most dangerous, amount of the allergen which got to a blood, thus is enormous. But even at first sight intact skin or mucosa can become a window for allergen penetration.

The allergy to vaccination can be shown by nettle rush, Quincke’s edema, serum disease, toxic -allergic reaction, anaphylactic shock.

Allergic reactions usually appear within several minutes up to 1-2 hours. After carrying out vaccination within 20-30 minutes it is necessary to supervise the child. Children with allergy should be vaccinated at specially equipped offices with anti-shock first-aid kits.

Allergy to Penicillin

Penicillin is the first antibiotic used in medicine; allergic reaction to it is known long ago and is met rather often. The group of Penicillin includes many antibiotics, and the probability is great that to others of its group medicines (bicillin, cephalosporin) the allergic reaction if will develop at the patient if he has it to Penicillin.

The main clinical symptoms of allergy to Penicillin are: eruption, nettle rush, eyes, tongue, lips or whole face edema. Occasionally the allergy to Penicillin becomes the reason of anaphylaxis able to lead to lethal outcome. This serious reaction is shown in some hours later: labored breathing, nettle rush, rasping breathing, cyanotic skins, low frequent pulse, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, sleepiness and even loss of consciousness. At suspicion on anaphylaxis in it is necessary to call the ambulance immediately.

In urgent cases Epinephrine injection well works. If symptoms don’t pass for a long time, additional injections can be required. Intravenous injections of antihistamine preparations, corticosteroids are used. Mild allergic reaction can be controlled with antihistamines which are on sale without prescription.

If some hours later after reception of antibiotic there is an eruption, similar to that at patients with measles, it is not an allergic reaction.

Skin test helps to define sensitivity to Penicillin. If Penicillin nevertheless needs to be used, it is possible to complete a desensitization course. This therapy lies in taking by the patient Penicillin in small doses and gradually the dose is increased that helps his immune system to get used to medicine. But the effect of desensitization is short-term.

Allergy To Novocain

Novocain is a local anesthetic. It is applied for injections in tissues which need to be anesthetized at the most different surgeries. Frequent use of Novocain is the reason of that allergic reaction to this drug is widespread in clinics. It is easy to buy Novocain therefore independent use of anesthetic at home also has danger of development of allergy.

Many anesthetics have a structure, and therapeutic action similar to Novocain (for example, Lidocaine). Allergic reactions to all group of drugs or on some of them is met. Often Novocain can be replaced with Lidocaine.

The allergy to Novocain can arise even if the human body didn’t face this substance before. Para amino benzoic acid, the component of Novocain molecule basis, is a part of many preservatives and additives in cattle forage, and is contained in food.

The allergy to Novocain is shown by rash, itch, skin inflammation, sometimes a Quincke’s edema, bronchi spasm. The general weakness, nausea, hyperhidrosis, respiratory impairment is referred to toxic reactions.

It is better not to bring the matter to anaphylactic shock, and before use of Novocain do probes if reaction of the patient to this substance is unknown. Investigated subcutaneously 0.1 ml of Novocain should be injected, thus it has to be formed a small blister of a small kernel size. Then 20 minutes doctor observes the infiltrate which has to disappear. If it remains in a former state,  the allergic reaction is confirmed.

Blood test from a vein is more exact. Serum is investigated on existence of specific antibodies.

Allergy to nickel

The quantity of new cases of allergy to nickel was strongly increased because of addicting of people for piercing. But it isn’t obligatory to input nickel products under a skin to get an allergy. It is enough to person sensitive to this metal to put on watch or necklace made of nickel-containing alloy.

The allergy is caused not so much by nickel penetration to blood as its impact on skin and it develops at long contact to metal. The allergy to nickel isn’t congenital. The risk of its receiving can be minimized with avoiding contact of nickel to skin for a long time. But when the allergy already appears even a short contact to the alloy is capable to cause an itch and burning sensation, onset of small red pimples, and eruption on skin or even eczema. Physicians refer allergy to nickel to contact dermatitis.

There are clothing and jewelry marked as hypoallergenic. They are the safest. Nickel is contained in “white” coins contact with which is also undesirable to sensitive people.

Many people with allergy to nickel don’t understand it. They think that the irritation arose because of friction. Wearing of a bandage will help to define the true reason. Wrists, ears and stomach are the most typical area of implication of allergy to nickel. Symptoms appear in 2-3 days after effect of allergen. At the termination of contact to nickel symptoms disappear within a week.

Serious form of allergy to nickel is constant eruption, formation of deep folds and cracks, peeling. The affected area is painful at contact to moisture. In some time the eczema develops.

Care Of Allergy Predisposed Skin

Women meet with problem of allergy predisposed skin very frequently. Day by day they clean, wash, cook, paint, bleach, etc. Almost none of mentioned processes can be done without use of corresponding chemical substance.

But what to do if skin is allergy predisposed? So, we have to remember the basic rules:

  1. Exclude, or in case of impossibility to exclude as much as possible limit any contact to the substance causing allergy.

  1. Choosing cosmetics for face skin or body care buy the products for a supersensitive skin with anti-inflammatory effect. It is desirable to consult with the allergologist before choosing proper product.

  1. Don’t change a skin care product on if previous was OK and did not cause allergy. In case of change you shouldn’t do it suddenly. You should start its application enter step by step, in small doses.

  1. Must have in a cosmetics bag a protective cream with dense texture. Such cream will help to build a certain barrier and won’t allow allergens to get inside.

  1. Whenever possible do not apply complicated beauty shop procedures for skin care, for example peeling, or dermabrasion. If the need for this procedure is so great that it is impossible to refuse apply to allergist for corresponding preventive therapy. So, for example, before a glycol peeling the doctor can prescribe to apply glycol cream, as a peculiar vaccine against stimulus.

  1. When performing daily bathroom hygienic procedures it is recommended to use soft (purified) water and not to use rigid washcloths. Attrition is also not recommended to persons with skin sensitive to allergens.

Tuberculin Allergy

Tuberculin allergy (allergy to a tuberculin or Mantoux test allergy, BCG) is a organism hyper sensibility to tuberculosis micro bacteria, and also to products of their vital activity. Tuberculin allergy is rather unusual phenomena.

R. Koch, who vaccinated children with tuberculin vaccine, was the first to start the discussion about a tuberculin allergy. It is possible to diagnose a similar type of allergy just within the first hours after applying the injection. On a place of injection reddening appears, the itch and a burning sensation are possible.

 After some time other symptoms of allergy (temperature raise, nausea, etc.) also can be added to already specified. Strong allergic reaction develops within 24 hours, and it reaches peak in 48-72 hours.

Three types 0f Reaction to tuberculin can be distinguished: local (strikes a place of injection), focal (strikes additionally lymph flows and lymph nodes) and general (strikes the organism in general).

Local reaction to tuberculin, as a rule, is an evidence of allergy. However, even in this case, phthisiatrician advisory is recommended. Only having passed X-ray inspection and leukocytic tests, it will be possible to say with confidence about the availability of allergy and absence of tuberculosis. In this case the doctor will prescribe to you the general antiallergenic therapy including taking antihistamine drugs.

In case tuberculosis detection or assumption of it, the treatment of the patient is carried out according to the appropriate program at hospital conditions.

Infrequent Allergies

Allergy is a disease which has been investigated by physicians more or less. The vast majority of allergic persons suffer from allergic reactions to the same allergens. However there is also such category of persons (no more than 1% of number of all allergic persons) who have an allergy to non-standard allergens. These types of allergy are:

1. Allergy to alcohol. In this case both ethyl alcohol and various additives which are a part of alcohol (hop, yeast, fragrances, stains and other) can act as allergen.

2. Allergy to metals. Here we mean not often found allergy to nickel, and an allergy to such, apparently, absolutely safe metals, as gold and platinum. Such allergy, as a rule, is represented in form of a contact dermatitis.

3. Allergy to fabric. Very seldom people have an allergy, for example, to cashmere. It is a material made from wool of specially developed breeds of goats. Such allergy can represented (besides a contact allergic dermatitis) with allergic rhinitis, cough, sneezing, edema.

4. Allergy to fish caviar. Such type of allergy indicates the intolerance of fish protein products and most often affects people, suffering at the same time from other types of food allergy.

5. Allergy to money. Such allergy can be simply explained. As a component of many monetary coins nickel, which represents the main allergen, is used. And at production of banknotes a special paint, which also promotes development of allergic reactions, is used.

The most infrequent allergy in the world is an allergy to liquid. Only 35 people suffering from the specified type of disease live on our planet. Even their own tears or sweat can cause dire consequences for these people.

Psychosomatic Causes Of Allergy Origin

Allergy is a widespread disease studied by physicians within very long time. Studying today has its results and physicians managed to find out the main causes leading to this disease. Conditionally main causes of allergy can be divided in connected to genetic predisposition, resulted from the diseases the person have had before and those occurred to harmful working conditions. However up to nowadays scientists of the whole world couldn’t give a definite answer to a question: why people with identical data living in identical conditions have variously allergic reactions.

Those representatives of a scientific world who were engaged in studying of this question more in details, managed to find that disease mechanism can’t be started without participation of a subconscious mind of the patient in this process. Today more often psychologists and psychotherapists are invited for work on therapeutic diseases. Allergy is not an exception in this case.

The main psychological reasons capable to cause an allergy:

- severe psychological injury;

- suppression of anger, aggression, other strong emotions;

- ambiguity of the vital principles;

- phobia of independence, including acceptances of crucial decisions;

- increased nervousness, uneasiness, depressions.

Application of clinical methods of disease research, namely applying hypnosis action for patients, doctors managed to overcome allergic reaction in most cases.

It is possible to make a conclusion from stated above: it is necessary to include in the list of allergic diseases prophylaxis measures a careful attitude to the nervous system. Don’t worry, be happy!